Sandpiper I - History

Sandpiper I  - History

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Sandpiper I

(Minesweeper No. 51: dp. 840, 1. 187'10", b. 35'6"
dr. 10'4"; s. 14 k.; cpl. 78; a. 2 3"; cl. Lapwing)

The first Sandpiper, minesweeper no. 51, was laid down on 15 November 1918 at the Philadelphia Navy Yard; launched on 28 April 1919, sponsored by Miss Edith V. Tawresey, and commissioned on 9 October 1919, Lt. E. Murphy in command.

Although built as a minesweeper, Sandpiper performed aircraft tender duties throughout her career. Her assignments moved her from Train, Scouting Fleet; to Aircraft Squadrons, Scouting Fleet; to Aircraft Squadrons, Battle Fleet; to various individual squadrons and finally to patrol units and training commands. Her duties-initially restricted to guarding plane flights, fueling planes, and towing seaplane barges-were gradually expanded. Transportation of aviation spares and personnel came with extended operations and new bases. Salvage and repair duties were added to her search and rescue work and were retained until ships designed for the purpose were built in the 1930's. The minesweeper/aircraft tender, however, was designated AM-51 in July 1920 and retained that hull number for over 15 years. On 22 January 1936, she was officially reclassified as a small seaplane tender and redesignated AVP 9.

Based at New York and then at Norfolk through the 1920's and into the 1930's, Sandpiper operated with the fleet, off the mid-Atlantic and New England coasts during the summer and fall and in the Caribbean and Gulf of Mexico during the winter. Each- spring, she
returned north. While deployed for winter maneuvers, she participated in annual fleet problems, including problems I t February 1923) and IX (January 1929) in which the use of aircraft allowed the attacking force to break through, and render obsolete, the defenses of the Panama Canal Zone.

In January 1932, Sandpiper was reassigned to the Pacific and, for several years after her arrival on 20 February at San Diego, her new base, she provided services for seaplanes along the west coast. During the summer of 1935, she served with the Navy's Aleutian Survey Expedition as it concluded extensive surveys of the Andreanof and Rat Island groups and used aircraft equipped with multi-lens cameras to expand cartographic data on the chain and to improve methods of aerial photogrammetry.

Toward the end of the decade, Sandpiper shifted to the Canal Zone. From Coco Solo, her duties took her along the Central and South American coasts for survey expeditions and exercises and into the Caribbean for temporary assignments to various patrol units stationed in Cuba, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands. During 1940 and 1941, she was attached to the Caribbean bases, particularly Trinidad, more frequently and for extended periods. With the entry of the United States into World War II, her previously limited escort duties were increased.

Sandpiper remained in the Caribbean into the spring of 1942. She then underwent repairs and overhaul at San Juan and Charleston. In October, she moved north to Boston, whence she continued on to Greenland, arriving at Kangat Bay on 11 November. For the next four months, she conducted escort runs between Kangat Bay and Narssarssuaq; carried out search and rescue missions, and performed local defense duties. In March 1943, she returned to Boston, then, at the end of the month, she proceeded to Casco Bay where she conducted exercises for students at the Antisubmarine Training School. In June, she again moved north to Argentia, whence she escorted and carried aviation fuel for Ranger (CV-4). On the 23d, however, while operating to the south of Cape Farewell, she was rammed on the port quarter by a British merchant ship which tore a hole in her hull and seriously damaged her steering gear. Emergency repairs enabled her to reach Argentia, whence she was routed, via Sydney and Halifax, to Boston to complete the work.

On 28 August, Sandpiper cleared Boston harbor and sailed south to Brazil for duty with Fleet Air Wing 16. She arrived at Recife on 30 September; and, for the next nine months, served as a support ship carrying supplies to various bases along the Brazilian coast. In June 1944, she returned to the United States, underwent overhaul at Norfolk; and, in September, got underway for Key West where she remained, attached to the Training Detachment, Fleet Air Wing 5, until after the end of the war in Europe.

In late June 1945, Sandpiper returned to Norfolk whence, after brief duty as a target-towing ship, she was ordered to Pearl Harbor. She arrived in Hawaii on 17 August, two days after the end of hostilities in the Pacific. A month later, she was ordered back to the east coast and steamed, via San Diego and the Panama Canal, to Boston, arriving there at the end of October Decommissioned on 10 December 1945 Sandpiper's name was struck from the Navy list on i7 April 1946 and her hull was turned over to the Maritime Commision for disposal on 12 October 1946.

Come Aboard!

The Sandpiper is a 100-passenger cruise vessel located on the Maumee River.
The boat is available for private and public rides from May through October.


Nest Placement

Either the male or the female may choose a nest location. Nests are always located near the edge of a body of water, usually within about 100 yards of the shore. The nest is typically placed under the shade of a broad-leafed plant. If predators are numerous, the nest is more likely to be under thicker vegetation such as raspberries or nettles. They are not averse to gravel pits, farm ponds, or even wetlands created by mining operations. They will often nest near or within Common Tern colonies when this species is present.

Nest Description

Nest building is an important part of courtship. A pair may begin several nests during the process, but those are rarely finished. The actual nest, built after the pair has formed and courtship is over, is a 2–3 inch depression scraped out in the soil and lined with dead grass and woody material. Often it is begun by the female and finished by the male.

Nesting Facts

Clutch Size:3-5 eggs
Number of Broods:1-5 broods
Egg Length:1.1-1.4 in (2.9-3.5 cm)
Egg Width:0.9-1.0 in (2.2-2.6 cm)
Incubation Period:19-22 days
Egg Description:Off-white, pinkish, or pale green speckled with brown.
Condition at Hatching:Downy, coordinated, eyes open, and quickly able to begin eating and walking.

Sandpiper I - History

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“We started Sandpiper because we identified an underserved need that extended stay hotels meet. Customers seeking a place to stay for one week to six months have very few affordable, efficient options. Our hotels meet that need and demand for this purpose-built product continues to exceed supply.

As investors and operators, Sandpiper’s extended stay hotel properties have demonstrated a balanced, risk-versus-reward profile since our inception. This hotel segment has been tested during both the 2008-2010 economic downturn and the COVID-19 pandemic. We have remained cash flow positive and have substantially outperformed the overall hotel industry during these stressful times. We continue to see attractive return opportunities in this space and believe many years of strong growth lie ahead.”

Carter Rise, Founder

Sandpiper History

ARCO used the Sandpiper site for crude oil production after oil was discovered in 1927.

On February 23, 1942 the Imperial Japanese Navy's submarine I-17 surface shells the oil refinery at the Sandpiper site.

At the peak of production, the Sandpiper site included 25 wells.

Oil production at the Sandpiper site began phasing out.

Offshore facilities had been removed, but relics remained on the Sandpiper site.

Oil production officially ended, though some infrastructure remains both above and below ground.


The term homosexual can be used as an adjective to describe the sexual attractions and behaviors of people attracted to the same sex. Author and gay pioneer Quentin Crisp said that the term should be "homosexualist", adding that no one says "I am a sexual." Some gay people argue that the use of homosexual as a noun is offensive, arguing that they are people first and their homosexuality being merely an attribute of their humanity. Even if they do not consider the term offensive, some people in same-sex relationships may object to being described as homosexual because they identify as bisexual+, or another orientation. [ citation needed ]

Some style guides recommend that the terms homosexual and homosexuality be avoided altogether, lest their use cause confusion or arouse controversy. In particular, the description of individuals as homosexual may be offensive, partially because of the negative clinical association of the word stemming from its use in describing same-sex attraction as a pathological state before homosexuality was removed from the American Psychiatric Association's list of mental disorders in 1973. [1] The Associated Press and New York Times style guides restrict usage of the terms. [2]

Same-sex oriented people seldom apply such terms to themselves, and public officials and agencies often avoid them. For instance, the Safe Schools Coalition of Washington's Glossary for School Employees advises that gay is the "preferred synonym for homosexual", [3] and goes on to suggest avoiding the term homosexual as it is "clinical, distancing, and archaic".

However, the term homosexual and homosexuality is sometimes deemed appropriate in referring to behavior (although same-sex is the preferred adjective). Using homosexuality or homosexual to refer to behavior may be inaccurate but does not carry the same potentially offensive connotations that using homosexual to describe a person does. When referring to people, homosexual is considered derogatory and the terms gay and lesbian are preferred. Some have argued that homosexual places emphasis on sexuality over humanity, and is to be avoided when describing a person. Gay man or lesbian are the preferred nouns for referring to people, which stress cultural and social matters over sex. [3]

The New Oxford American Dictionary, [4] says that "gay" is the preferred term.

People with a same-sex sexual orientation generally prefer the terms gay, lesbian, or bisexual. The most common terms are gay (both men and women) and lesbian (women only). Other terms include same gender loving and same-sex-oriented. [1]

Among some sectors of gay sub-culture, same-sex sexual behavior is sometimes viewed as solely for physical pleasure instead of romantic. Men on the down-low (or DL) may engage in covert sexual activity with other men while pursuing sexual and romantic relationships with women.

The choice of terms regarding sexual orientation may imply a certain political outlook, and different terms have been preferred at different times and in different places.

Early history Edit

Historian and philosopher Michel Foucault argued that homosexual and heterosexual identities didn't emerge until the 19th century. Prior to that time, he said, the terms described practices and not identity. Foucault cited Karl Westphal's famous 1870 article Contrary Sexual Feeling as the "date of birth" of the categorization of sexual orientation. [5] Some scholars, however, have argued that there are significant continuities between past and present conceptualizations of sexuality, with various terms having been used for homosexuality. [6] [7]

In his Symposium, the ancient Greek philosopher Plato described (through the character of the profane comedian Aristophanes) three sexual orientations - heterosexuality, male homosexuality, and female homosexuality - and provided explanations for their existence using an invented creation myth. [8]

Tribadism Edit

Although this term refers to a specific sex act between women today, in the past it was commonly used to describe female-female sexual love in general, and women who had sex with women were called Tribads or Tribades. As author Rictor Norton explains:

The tribas, lesbian, from Greek tribein, to rub (i.e. rubbing the pudenda together, or clitoris upon pubic bone, etc.), appears in Greek and Latin satires from the late first century. The tribade was the most common (vulgar) lesbian in European texts for many centuries. ‘Tribade’ occurs in English texts from at least as early as 1601 to at least as late as the mid-nineteenth century before it became self-consciously old-fashioned—it was in current use for nearly three centuries. [9]

Fricatrice, a synonym for tribade that also refers to rubbing but has a Latin rather than a Greek root, appeared in English as early as 1605 (in Ben Jonson's Volpone). Its usage suggests that it was more colloquial and more pejorative than tribade. Variants include the Latinized confricatrice and English rubster. [10]

Sodomy Edit

Though sodomy has been used to refer to a range of homosexual and heterosexual "unnatural acts", the term sodomite usually refers to a homosexual male even though the real meaning is of unreproductive sex. [11] [12] The term is derived from the Biblical tale of Sodom and Gomorrah, and Christian churches have referred to the crimen sodomitae (crime of the Sodomites) for centuries. The modern association with homosexuality can be found as early as AD 96 in the writings of the Jewish historian Josephus. In the early 5th century, Jerome, a priest, historian, and theologian used the forms Sodoman, in Sodomis, Sodomorum, Sodomæ, Sodomitæ. [13] The modern German word Sodomie and the Norwegian sodomi refer to bestiality. [ citation needed ] Sodomy in historical biblical reference may not pertain to the acts of homosexuality, but the acts of bestiality and female and male castration for the purpose of sexual slavery.

Lesbianism Edit

Lesbian writer Emma Donoghue found that the term lesbian (with its modern meaning) has been in use in the English language from at least the 18th century. The 1732 epic poem by William King, The Toast, uses "lesbian loves" and "tribadism" interchangeably: "she loved Women in the same Manner as Men love them she was a Tribad". [14]

Sapphism Edit

Named after the Greek poet Sappho who lived on Lesbos Island and wrote love poems to women, this term has been in use since at least the 18th century, with the connotation of lesbian. In 1773, a London magazine described sex between women as "Sapphic passion". [15] The adjective form Sapphic is no longer commonly used in the English language, but saw a spike in use as LGBT slang during the early 2000s.

Pederasty Edit

Today, pederasty refers to male attraction towards adolescent boys, [16] or the cultural institutions that support such relations, as in ancient Greece. [ citation needed ] However, in the 18th and 19th centuries, the term usually referred to male homosexuality in general. [ citation needed ] A pederast was also the active partner in anal sex, whether with a male or a female partner. [ citation needed ]

Homosexual Edit

The word homosexual translates literally as "of the same sex", being a hybrid of the Greek prefix homo- meaning "same" (as distinguished from the Latin root homo meaning human) and the Latin root sex meaning "sex".

The first known public appearance of the term homosexual in print is found in an 1869 German pamphlet 143 des Preussischen Strafgesetzbuchs und seine Aufrechterhaltung als 152 des Entwurfs eines Strafgesetzbuchs für den Norddeutschen Bund ("Paragraph 143 of the Prussian Penal Code and Its Maintenance as Paragraph 152 of the Draft of a Penal Code for the North German Confederation"). The pamphlet was written by Karl-Maria Kertbeny, but published anonymously. It advocated the repeal of Prussia's sodomy laws. [17] Kertbeny had previously used the word in a private letter written in 1868 to Karl Heinrich Ulrichs. Kertbeny used Homosexualität (in English, "homosexuality") in place of Ulrichs' Urningtum Homosexualisten ("male homosexualists") instead of Urninge, and Homosexualistinnen ("female homosexualists") instead of Urninden.

The term was coined and originally used primarily by German psychiatrists and psychologists. Havelock Ellis in his 1901 Studies in the Psychology of Sex wrote about the evolving terminology in the area, which ended up settling on homosexuality. In the preface to the first edition (1900), Ellis calls it sexual inversion, and volume 2 of the book is entitled "Sexual Inversion". In the preface to the third edition (1927) Ellis referred to it as "the study of homosexuality". On the first page of chapter 1, he discusses the terminology, naming Ulrichs use of Uranian (German: Uranier) from 1862, which later morphed into Urning, and using Urningtum as the name of the condition. Ellis reported that the first accepted scientific term was contrary sexual feeling (Konträre Sexualempfindung), coined by Westphal in 1869, and used by Krafft-Ebing and others. This term was never used outside Germany, and soon went out of favor even there. The term homosexuality was invented by Kertbeny in the same year (1869) but attracted no attention for some time, later achieving prominence, and was easily translatable into many languages, including by Hirschfeld in his 1912 book Die Homosexualität, one of the top authorities in the field. Ellis continued to use both the terms sexual inversion and homosexuality in the 3rd edition, with slightly different meanings. [18]

The first known use of homosexual in English is in Charles Gilbert Chaddock's 1892 translation of Richard von Krafft-Ebing's Psychopathia Sexualis, a study on sexual practices. [19] The term was popularized by the 1906 Harden–Eulenburg Affair.

The word homosexual itself had different connotations 100 years ago than today.

Although some early writers used the adjective homosexual to refer to any single-gender context (such as an all-girls school), [ citation needed ] today the term implies a sexual aspect. The term homosocial is now used to describe single-sex contexts that are not of a romantic or sexual nature. [20]

The colloquial abbreviation homo for homosexual is a coinage of the interbellum period, first recorded as a noun in 1929, and as an adjective in 1933. [21]

Today, it is often considered a derogatory epithet. [22] [2]

Other late 19th and early 20th century sexological terms Edit

  • Antipathic sexual instinct: deviant sexual behavior outlined in Richard von Krafft-Ebing's Pychopathia Sexualis[23][24]
  • Psychosexual hermaphroditism: bisexuality. It was believed gay men desired a female body and lesbians desired a male body. Bisexuals desired to become intersex. [25]
  • The intermediate sex: similar to sexual inversion, Edward Carpenter believed gay men possessed a male body and a female temperament and vice versa for lesbians [26]
  • Similisexualism or similsexualism: homosexuality [27][28] [citation needed]

Homophile Edit

Popular in the 1950s and 1960s (and still in occasional use today, particularly in writing by Anglican clergy), [29] the term homophile was an attempt to avoid the clinical implications of sexual pathology found with the word homosexual, emphasizing love (-phile) instead. [30] In Norway, Netherlands and the Flemish/Dutch part of Belgium, the term is still widely used. [31]

Not all terms have been used to describe same-sex sexuality are synonyms for the modern term homosexuality. Anna Rüling, one of the first women to publicly defend gay rights, considered gay people a third gender, different from both men and women. Terms such as gynephilia and androphilia have tried to simplify the language of sexual orientation by making no claim about the individual's own gender identity. However, they are not commonly used.

Cants Edit

There are established languages of slang (sometimes known as cants) such as Polari in Britain, Swardspeak in the Philippines, Bahasa Binan in Indonesia, and Kaliardá (Καλιαρντά) in Greece. [ citation needed ]

Slang Edit

A variety of LGBT slang terms have been used historically and contemporarily within the LGBT community.

In addition to the stigma surrounding homosexuality, terms have been influenced by taboos around sex in general, producing a number of euphemisms. A gay person may be described as "that way", "a bit funny", "on the bus", "batting for the other team", "a friend of Dorothy", "wearing comfortable shoes" (for women), although such euphemisms are becoming less common as homosexuality becomes more visible. [ citation needed ]

Harry Hay frequently stated that, in the 1930s–1940s, gay people referred to themselves as temperamental. [32]

Gay Edit

Although the word was originally synonymous with happy or cheerful, in the 20th century it gradually came to designate someone who is romantically or sexually attracted to someone of the same gender or sex. [ citation needed ]


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Sandpiper, any of numerous shorebirds belonging to the family Scolopacidae (order Charadriiformes), which also includes the woodcocks and the snipes. The name sandpiper refers particularly to several species of small to middle-sized birds, about 15 to 30 cm (6 to 12 inches) long, that throng sea beaches and inland mud flats during migration.

Sandpipers have moderately long bills and legs, long, narrow wings, and fairly short tails. Their colouring often consists of a complicated “dead-grass” pattern of browns, buffs, and blacks on the upperparts, with white or cream colouring below. They are frequently paler in autumn than in spring. Some species have distinguishing features, such as speckled breasts, white rump bands, or contrasting throat patches, but their general appearance is similar and they are notoriously difficult to identify. Most puzzling are the smallest sandpipers, known as peep, stint, or oxeyes. Most of these, formerly divided among the genera Erolia, Ereunetes, and Crocethia, are now placed in the broad genus Calidris.

Sandpipers feed on the beaches and mud flats of ocean coastlines and inland waters, running along near the water and picking up their food of insects, crustaceans, and worms. They utter thin, piping cries while in flight or while running along the sand. Sandpipers usually nest on the ground in the open, in a scantily lined little hollow. They lay four spotted eggs, from which hatch active, downy young. Many sandpipers nest in the Arctic and sub-Arctic regions and pass through the North Temperate Zone in great flocks on the way to their breeding sites.

The common sandpiper (Actitis, or sometimes Tringa, hypoleucos) is an abundant breeder on grassy shores of lakes and rivers throughout Eurasia, and it winters from Africa to Australia and Polynesia. This species is notable for a nervous mannerism of wagging its tail. The closely related spotted sandpiper (A. macularia) is the best-known New World sandpiper this species breeds beside streams and ponds of sub-Arctic and temperate North America and winters as far south as Argentina.

The solitary sandpiper (Tringa solitaria), which breeds in North America and winters in South America, is unusual in nesting not on the ground but in the old tree nests of other birds. The closely related green sandpiper (T. ochropus) is its slightly larger counterpart in boreal and mountainous regions of Eurasia.

The genus Calidris contains many birds known as sandpipers, along with others such as the knot and the sanderling and the dunlin—which is sometimes called the red-backed sandpiper. The least sandpiper (C. minutilla), less than 15 cm in length, is the smallest sandpiper. It is sometimes called the American stint and is abundant in Alaska and across sub-Arctic Canada to Nova Scotia. It winters on coasts from Oregon and North Carolina to South America. The purple sandpiper (C. maritima) breeds in foggy Arctic highlands, chiefly in eastern North America and northern Europe, and winters as far north as Greenland and Great Britain. It is grayish with yellow legs and bill and is easily approached in the field. Another Old World species is the rufous-necked sandpiper (C. ruficollis), which breeds in Siberia and winters as far south as New Zealand and Tasmania. The white-rumped sandpiper (C. fuscicollis), which breeds in Arctic North America and winters in southern South America, is rust-coloured in breeding season but gray otherwise. The upland sandpiper (Bartramia longicauda), also called Bartram’s sandpiper and, mistakenly, the upland plover, is an American bird of open fields. It is a slender, gray-streaked bird almost 30 cm long that feeds on grasshoppers and other insects.


Nest Placement

The male makes several scrapes in the tundra from which the female selects the nest site, usually a natural depression or flat spot near dwarf birches or willows, and sometimes near water.

Nest Description

The nest is a simple depression lined with willow and birch leaves, grasses, sedges, cotton grass, horsetail, mosses, and lichens. Nests average about 4.1 inches across and 1.2 inches tall.

Nesting Facts

Light green to olive green, with dark brown spotting.

Active and covered with down.

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Surfing is a big deal in New Smyrna Beach. It’s not just a hobby or pastime – although it can be. It’s a lifestyle, and surfing in New Smyrna Beach commands a legendary history. There is even a museum downtown that showcases New Smyrna Beach’s rich surfing heritage!

It could be argued that surfing began here in the 1700s when the first explorers rode the waves to the New Smyrna Beach shores in their canoes, but let’s talk real deal…New Smyrna Beach has fostered more world-class surfers than any other town on earth, and it all began in the early 1960s. Today there are private surf lessons and even surfing schools. Back then, everyone was self-taught, learning by trial and error.

Surfing pioneers and New Smyrna Beach residents, Kem McNair and Charley Baldwin were first to set the New Smyrna Beach standard of surfing excellence when they won their East Coast titles back in the early 70s. Charley continued wining pro events long into the 80s, propelling him to become the first New Smyrna Beach surfer inducted into the East Coast Hall of Fame. But New Smyrna Beach had more champion surfers to offer. New Smyrna Beach native Isabel McLaughlin was the U.S, Women’s Surfing Champion in 1974, and Ross Pell won two East Coast professional titles in the 1980s.

New Smyrna Beach is so important to the world of surfing that the last Association of Surfing Professionals World Tour East Coast event was held in 1989 right here in New Smyrna Beach. Most recently, Travel and Leisure magazine named New Smyrna Beach one of the world’s 15 “Coolest Surf Towns.”

So break out your board and get ready catch some of those world famous New Smyrna Beach waves. Hang Ten!

Watch the video: Streets of Philadelphia, Kensington Avenue, Whats going on Monday, July 26 2021.


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